:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (Summer 2014) ::
J Fasa Univ Med Sci 2014, 4(2): 225-232 Back to browse issues page
Comparing the Effect of Breast-Feeding and Oral Glucose on Infants Vaccination Pain
Leila Nikrouz 1, Shahnaz Rostami2, Houshang Alijani Renani2, Abdolrahman Rasekh3, Mohammad Mehdi Naghizadeh4
1- Nursing department, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran , lnikrooz@yahoo.com
2- Nursery and Midwifery department, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3- Department of mathematics and computer science, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran
4- Department of community medicine and statistics, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
Abstract:   (7022 Views)

Background and Objective: Ignoring pain especially in infancy causes serious complications. Considering recent studies about sedative effect of breast-feeding and oral glucose on neonates, this study was performed to survey each method after neonatal period.

 Materials and Methods: This study is a triple blind clinical trial on 211 infants aged 2, 4,and 6 months, which were randomly categorized into control, breast-fed, and oral glucose groups. Interventions were performed two minutes before injecting DPT vaccine.  The infants’ reactions were recorded before, during, and after intervention. Two experts evaluated pain intensity by Modified Behavioral Pain Scale (MBPS). The crying duration was measure by chronometer in second. 

 Results:  Pain intensities for breast-fed, oral glucose, and control groups were 5.77±0.18, 6.63±0.16, and 5.87±0.22, respectively. Least Significant Difference (LSD) test showed that MBPS was significantly lower in breast-fed compared to oral glucose group (P value=0.014). The difference between breast-fed and control groups was not significant. Crying duration did not have significant difference among the three groups.

Conclusion: It seems that breast-feeding has better effect on vaccination pain compared to oral glucose.

Keywords: Pain, Infants, Breast-feeding, Oral glucose
Full-Text [PDF 1110 kb]   (2064 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2013/02/5 | Accepted: 2014/07/5 | Published: 2014/09/14

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Volume 4, Issue 2 (Summer 2014) Back to browse issues page