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:: Volume 2, Issue 3 (Autumn 2012) ::
J Fasa Univ Med Sci 2012, 2(3): 181-186 Back to browse issues page
Isolation and Identification of Carcinogen Acenaphthene-Degrading Endemic Bacteria from Crude Oil Contaminated Soils around Abadan Refinery
Farshid Kafilzadeh 1, Seyedeh Zeynab Hoseyni, Peyman Izedpanah, Houshang Jamali
1- , Dr.kafilzadeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (18939 Views)

Background and Objective: PAHs are non-polar organic compounds consisting of two or more fused benzene multi-rings. Among these compounds, acenaphthene is a multi-ring hydrocarbon that occurs abundantly in nature. Use of microorganisms to clean the contaminations of soil can be cheap and effective. The most important acenaphthene-degrading bacteria are pseudomonas, micrococcus, and Bacillus. The goal of this study was to isolate and identify the bacteria which degrade acenaphthene in soils around Abadan Refinery and to investigate the relation between the levels of environmental pollution with acenaphthene.

Materials and Methods: Soil samples were collected from three areas around Abadan Refinery. The number of the bacteria was counted on the nutrient agar culture with and without acenaphthene. Isolation of the bacteria was done by culturing the samples on acenaphthene broth with a mineral-salt medium, and on an acenaphthene agar medium. Then, the bacteria were identified via biochemical diagnostic tests.

Results: The logarithm average of the bacteria was 4.786 ± 0.073 at a medium with acenaphthene, which was 6.671 ± 0.073 less than that of the control medium. The maximum number of degrading bacteria was 7.089 ± 0.089 at Station C, and the minimum number of the degrading bacteria was 4.485 ± 0.089 at Station B. In this study, Bacillus sp, Micrococcus Luteus, Corynebacterium sp, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Pseudomonas sp bacteria were isolated and identified in terms of frequency, respectively.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the soil around Abadan Refinery contained a great number of acenaphthene degrading bacteria, especially Bacillus and Micrococcus.

Keywords: Acenaphthene, Degrader, Bacillus, Micrococcus, Abadan refinery
Full-Text [PDF 1396 kb]   (5400 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2013/02/19 | Accepted: 2013/09/14 | Published: 2013/09/14
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Kafilzadeh F, Hoseyni S Z, Izedpanah P, Jamali H. Isolation and Identification of Carcinogen Acenaphthene-Degrading Endemic Bacteria from Crude Oil Contaminated Soils around Abadan Refinery. J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2012; 2 (3) :181-186
URL: http://jabs.fums.ac.ir/article-1-112-en.html

Volume 2, Issue 3 (Autumn 2012) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences
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