:: Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2015) ::
JABS 2015, 4(4): 392-401 Back to browse issues page
Evaluating the frequency of Self-Immolation and its Relationship with Social and Demographic Status of the Patients Referring to Ghotboddin E Shirazi during the Years 2006 and 2011
Mansour Kashfi1, Maryam Yazdankhah1, Ali Khani jeihooni 2, Mojtaba Karimi1
1- Department of Public Health, School of Health and Nutrition, Research Center for Health Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran. , khani_1512@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8387 Views)

Background & Objective: Suicide is the act of injuring oneself in order to destruct one’s life. One of the worst ways to attempt suicide, especially in eastern countries, is self- burning. This study aimed to show the frequency of self- burning and its relationship with social and demographic status.  

Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all medical records of patients who admitted to Ghotbeddin E Shirazi hospital for burns during the years 2006 and 2011 were collected. The data were analyzed by SPSS-16 software, descriptive statistical methods and chi-square tests.


Results: The results showed that from 2071 cases of burn patients admitted to Ghotbeddin E Shirazi Hospital, 439 cases (21.1%) have been caused by self-immolation. The proportion of self-immolation among women was 70.7%, in married was 58.4%, and in rural population was 56.6%. It was most prevalent in the age group of 25-44 years old (47.4%). In most cases, self-immolation was occurred with flammable liquids especially oil and gasoline (71.8% and 17.3%, respectively) and at home (90/8%). 67.8% of cases lead to death. (Case-fatality rate was 67.8%). The most cause of self-immolation attempting was family disputes.


Conclusion: High self-immolation rate in females and the age group of adolescents and youth is significant which should be considered as an important issue in terms of health.



Keywords: Suicide, Burning, Social status
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Community Medicine
Received: 2013/05/23 | Accepted: 2013/09/28 | Published: 2015/02/2

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Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2015) Back to browse issues page