:: Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2014) ::
JABS 2014, 4(4): 463-474 Back to browse issues page
Location Allocation of Health Care Centers Using Geographical Information System: region 11 of Tehran
Mohsen Ahadnejad1, Hosein Ghaderi2, Mohammad Hadian2, Payam Haghighatfard3, Banafsheh Darvishi4, Elham Haghighatfard5, Bitasadat Zegordi6, Arash Bordbar7
1- Department of Geographic and urban planning, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran
2- Department of health economics, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
3- School Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , payam_haghighatfard@yahoo.com
4- School Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
6- Status unit, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
7- IT unit, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
Abstract:   (14083 Views)

Background & Objective: Location allocation of healthcare centers facilitates the accessibility of health services and the lack of proper distribution of these centers leads to increasing problems of citizens' access to these centers. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the distribution of healthcare centers in the region of the study and to determine deprived areas from this services.


Materials & Methods: This research is a case study that has been done on region 11 of Tehran. The data were collected form maps and they have been analyzed by Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) in GIS environment.


Results: There are 10 hospitals in the study area that include seven percentage of all hospitals in Tehran. In the evaluation of the information layers, the layers of the residential and the industrial centers were respectively weighted %19(maximum weight) and %1(minimum weight). After the compatibility analysis, the rate of incompatibility of different lands with treatment land was four percentage. This study showed overlapping services of existing hospitals by determining service radius of 1500 m. In addition, with combining information layers on the final map, suitable areas for optimal placement of health centers were identified.


Conclusion: The results of this study showed that current locations of medical centers in region11 of Tehran do not match with scientific standards.

Keywords: Location allocation, Healthcare centers, AHP, GIS
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: GIS (Geographic Information System)
Received: 2014/01/10 | Accepted: 2014/11/4 | Published: 2015/03/19

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Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2014) Back to browse issues page