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:: Volume 3, Issue 4 (Winter 2014) ::
J Fasa Univ Med Sci 2014, 3(4): 325-329 Back to browse issues page
The prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Its Anemia in 1-5 Years Old Children and Their Mothers in Birjand City
Azita Fesharakinia
, : fesharakinia@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (10405 Views)
Background &Objective: Micronutrient deficiencies are the most common nutritional disorders in the world in which iron deficiency is the most important one. This study was done for investigating the prevalence of iron deficiency and its anemia in children and their mothers in Birjand city in 2011.
Materials & Methods: 143 children of 1-5 years old who referred to the health care centers of Birjand city were chosen by multistage cluster random sampling method and both the children and mothers were studied. After filling the questionnaire about demographic characteristics of children and mothers, the hemoglobin and ferritin of both children and their mothers were measured.
Results: 12.6 % of the children and 16.1% of the mothers had iron deficiency, 16.8 % of children and 15.4 % of mothers had iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in both children and mothers was significantly higher especially among working mothers. Both children’s iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia had a significant and direct relation with mother’s iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia.
Conclusion: It is recommended to elevate the awareness of mothers, especially the working ones about the danger of iron deficiency and its anemia in their children and themselves, educate them about the correct nutritional habits for their family and themselves, screen the children of 1-5 years old for iron deficiency and its anemia and also investigate mothers’ children with iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia.
Keywords: Iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, children, mothers
Full-Text [PDF 310 kb]   (6100 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2013/03/26 | Accepted: 2013/12/25 | Published: 2015/03/16
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Fesharakinia A. The prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Its Anemia in 1-5 Years Old Children and Their Mothers in Birjand City. J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2014; 3 (4) :325-329
URL: http://journal.fums.ac.ir/article-1-526-en.html


Volume 3, Issue 4 (Winter 2014) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences
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