Volume 4, Issue 1 (5-2014)                   JABS 2014, 4(1): 90-98 | Back to browse issues page

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Johari H, Zamani Z, Mokhtari M, Hemayatkhah Jahromi V, Jamali H, Yazdani M. The Investigation of Garlic (Allium Sativum) Extract on Lead Detoxification of Neonatal Rats Kidney. JABS 2014; 4 (1) :90-98
URL: http://jabs.fums.ac.ir/article-1-584-en.html
1- , hjowhary@yahoo.co.uk
Abstract:   (15519 Views)

 Background & Objectives: Lead as a naturally-occurring element has different effects on hematopoitic system, nervous system, kidney, reproductive system and bone. In this investigation, was determined the effect of garlic alcoholic-water extract in kidney poisoning treatment induced by lead in neonatal rat.

Materials & Methods: Rats were divided into 7 groups of 8. The First group was the control group, which had received no materials. The second group had received 0/1 ml distilled water, the third group had received the lead with a dose of 0/6 gram per liter. The forth group had just received 0/4 g/kg garlic alcoholic – water extract. The fifth, sixth, and seventh group had first received 0/6 g lead perliter and then received doses of 0/1, 0/2, 0/4 g/kg garlic. Then, injections was performed orally in 10 consecutive days. The data were analysed then using T.

Results: Based on the obtained results, there is a significant increase in the body weight and the kidney of the third, fifth, sixth and seventh groups compared with the control group. However, the body weight and kidney of rats in the fourth group showed a meaningful decrease comparing with the lead group. Regarding the third group, there was a meaningful increase in Urea, uric acid, creatinine and potassium compared with the control group but a significant decrease in the sodium.

Conclusion: Protective effects of garlic on kidney are related to antioxidant properties, since different types of oxidation reactions have negative effects on glomerular filtration rate. Garlic is eliminating the poisoning effect of lead on the kidney because of having properties such as antioxidant and protective effect.

Keywords: Garlic, lead, kidney, rat.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2014/06/14 | Accepted: 2014/06/14 | Published: 2014/06/14

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