Volume 2, Issue 3 (11-2012)                   JABS 2012, 2(3): 199-209 | Back to browse issues page

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Afghari N, Rabiei S, Rashidipoor fard N, Poornaghshband P, Rastmanesh R. Short-Term and Mid-Term Effects of Fasting and Downset Meal Pattern on Dietary Intakes, Anthropometric Parameters, and Glycemic and Lipid Profile in Fasting Women. JABS 2012; 2 (3) :199-209
URL: http://jabs.fums.ac.ir/article-1-119-en.html
1- , rezar@sbmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (18272 Views)
Background and Objective: This study assessed the mid-term changes in anthropometrical and biochemical factors as well as nutritional status and physical activity level with regard to nocturnal eating during Ramadan, for the first time.
Materials and Methods: Via an easy sampling, the cohort study was conducted in 49 women aged between 20 and 45 years who were recruited from Shahid Motahari Hospital in Isfahan. The subjects were divided into two groups based on their nocturnal eating pattern. Anthropometrical and biochemical parameters were measured three days before Ramadan, on the third day of Ramadan, and thirty days after the end of Ramadan. A 147 food items frequency questionnaire was used for the assessment of nutritional status t. Repeated measure test was employed to determine changes over time, and the interaction effects between times and nocturnal eating status.
Results: The body weight and body mass index of the women who consumed the nocturnal meal was significantly different from those of the subjects who did not consume the downset meal (p value =0.006). There were significant differences in energy, carbohydrate, and fat intake as well as serum triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, and physical activity levels between the three time periods. Serum glucose, cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol were not significantly different between the two groups.
Conclusion: Ramadan fasting has beneficial effects on the body weight and body mass index. Fasting causes some changes in the lipid profile these changes can be attributed to changes in dietary habits and physical activity level during Ramadan, rather than nocturnal eating status.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2013/02/24 | Accepted: 2013/09/14 | Published: 2013/09/14

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