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Fucoidan, Multifunctional Polysaccharide
Arghavan Hosseinpouri 1, Mahdi Mohammadi2 , Narges Obeidi3
1- Department of Cellular and Molecular Sciences,Faculty of Siences,Khalij fars University,Bushehr,Iran , A.hosseinpouri@gmail.com
2- Departmet of Biotechnology, Persian Gulf Studies and Research Center, Khalij fars University,Busher,Iran
3- Department of Hematology, Faculty of paramedicine, University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (94 Views)
Background & Objective: Marine algae contain bioactive compounds that produce a variety of metabolites. These metabolites have diverse biological activities. Fucoidan is a polysaccharide of sulfates produced by algae, and its biological activity has been studied extensively. Fucoidan is a sulfate-rich poly-saccharide containing a variety of compounds including, galactose, zylose, glucuronic acid and fucose.
Materials & Methods: Fucoidan has therapeutic properties that increase their healing properties with their degree of sulfation. Anticancer, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and adjuvant properties in many species of algae have been proven to have an effect on cell proliferation and cellular regimens and the regulation of various metabolic pathways.
Results: This polysaccharide has beneficial effects on human health and therefore is used in cosmetics, food and pharmaceutical industries. Non Toxicity is an important feature of Fucoidan, which is used as a confident structural compound that is a product of safety for consumption.
Conclusion: Today, a variety of Fucoidan compositions have been made; a variety of beverage, tablets, and capsules are now available on the market. It is hoped that more complete studies and clinical trials will be carried out for better utilization of this combination in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.

Keywords: Fucoidan, Brown Algae, Cancer, Polysaccharide, seaweed
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Cellular-Molecular Biology
Received: 2018/07/1 | Accepted: 2019/02/5
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