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:: Volume 5, Number 2 (Summer 2015) ::
J Fasa Univ Med Sci 2015, 5(2): 159-167 Back to browse issues page
Surveying Global and Iranian Food Consumption Patterns: A Review of the Literature
fatemeh abdi1, zahra atarodi2, parvin mirmiran 3, taraneh esteki4
1- Students Research Committee, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Clinical Nutrition and Diet Therapy, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , fatemeh.abdi87@yahoo.com
4- Department of Basic Sciences, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (5620 Views)

Identifying global and regional food consumption patterns, which vary in different countries, races, social classes, and cultures will be beneficial in training individuals, promoting food literacy, and nutrition policy making. In order to compare Iranian and global food consumption patterns, a number of relevant key terms were selected and the existing quality literature databases (both in English and in Persian) were queried for manuscripts related to the subject. The articles were published until the current time (2014). Manual searches were also performed on regional and national projects in Iran. Finally, out of 65 studies on various food patterns, 39 were recruited. Our findings indicated that per capita calorie consumption in Iran is higher than the recommended daily values. In fact, per capita intakes of bread and rice, oil, and sugar were respectively 5%, 20%, and 38% higher than the rates in the standard food basket. In addition, consumption of milk and dairy products, eggs, and fruits and vegetables was 25%, 20%, and 25% lower than the recommended values, respectively. Changes in global food consumption patterns suggested a nutrition transition leading to serious undesirable effects on people’s health. Therefore, nutrition policy making and planning is needed to focus on controlling the nutrition transition while bearing sociocultural aspects of food consumption in mind.

Keywords: Food consumption pattern, Food basket, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 1032 kb]   (3677 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2015/02/6 | Accepted: 2015/06/3 | Published: 2015/09/23
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abdi F, atarodi Z, mirmiran P, esteki T. Surveying Global and Iranian Food Consumption Patterns: A Review of the Literature. J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2015; 5 (2) :159-167
URL: http://journal.fums.ac.ir/article-1-677-en.html
Volume 5, Number 2 (Summer 2015) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences
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