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:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (Spring 2020) ::
J Fasa Univ Med Sci 2020, 10(1): 2144-2153 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of Personality Traits and Frequency of Personality Disorders in individuals with Stimulant and Opiate dependence.
ValiOlah Akbari1 , Parvin RahmatiNejad 2, Arman Zarghami3, Seyed Davood Mohammadi3
1- Department of Psychiatry, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2- Department of Clinical Psychology,Forghani HospitalResearch Development Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom.Iran , rahmatinejadp@yahoo.com
3- Department of Psychiatry, fasa, University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
Abstract:   (1611 Views)
 Background & Objective: In conceptualizing addiction, the role of personality elements in the emergence and continuation of dependence to substances has attracted the attention of researchers. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of personality disorders and temperament-character traits of personality in substance-dependent individuals.
Materials &Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 150 patients referred to Nekooe-Forghani Hospital in Qom and 145 healthy people working in this hospital were selected by convenience sampling. The two groups were evaluated and compared by Multidimensional Clinical Questionnaire (III). Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (ANOVA, Tukey post hoc test).
Results: The results showed that the prevalence of personality disorders was 56% in substance dependent individuals. Borderline personality disorder with 16%, antisocial personality with 14%, and avoidance personality with 6.67% had the highest frequency in the case group, respectively. Also, generally, subjects with substance dependence had higher scores in novelty-seeking and lower scores in self-directed dimensions compared with normal group. Moreover, sedative drugs users had more scores in harm avoidance, stimulant users in self-transcendence and normal subjects in persistence than other groups.
Conclusion: The results of the research indicated that there was a high prevalence of personality disorders among drug-dependent individuals. In addition, study showed that there was a significant difference between personality dimensions of temperament-character in substance dependent individuals and normal people.
Keywords: Personality traits, Temperament and Character, Personality disorders, Opiate, Stimulants
Full-Text [PDF 976 kb]   (564 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2018/11/28 | Accepted: 2019/12/24 | Published: 2020/02/27
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Akbari V, RahmatiNejad P, Zarghami A, Mohammadi S D. Investigation of Personality Traits and Frequency of Personality Disorders in individuals with Stimulant and Opiate dependence.. J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2020; 10 (1) :2144-2153
URL: http://jabs.fums.ac.ir/article-1-1892-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 1 (Spring 2020) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences
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