Volume 14, Issue 1 (Winter 2024 2024)                   JABS 2024, 14(1): 67-76 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.JMU.RE.1400.031


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Heydari S, Jafarnezhad A, Faryabi R, Raesi R, Goroohi M, Mehralizade A, et al . Comparison of Treatment Outcomes for Tennis Elbow: Corticosteroid Injection and Casting vs. Acupuncture and Physiotherapy. JABS 2024; 14 (1) :67-76
URL: http://jabs.fums.ac.ir/article-1-3036-en.html
1- School of Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Jiroft University of Medical Science, Jiroft, Iran
2- Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
4- Department of Nursing, Torbat Jam Faculty of Medical Sciences, Torbat Jam, Iran
5- Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
6- Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Science, Kerman, Iran
7- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran , salmandaneshi008@gmail.com
Abstract:   (302 Views)
Background & Objectivs: Today, despite the existence of numerous treatments for tennis elbow, the search for more effective methods continues due to the limited efficacy of these existing approaches. This study aimed to compare the results of tennis elbow treatment in two groups: patients receiving corticosteroid injection and casting, and patients receiving acupuncture and physiotherapy.
Materials & Methods: This quasi-experimental study, conducted in Jiroft in 2021, investigated the effectiveness of different treatment approaches for tennis elbow. Fifty patients diagnosed with tennis elbow were randomly divided into two groups of 25 each. One group received a combination of corticosteroids and casts, while the other group received acupuncture and physiotherapy.  A pain line was used to assess pain levels based on VAS criteria. Data were analyzed using SPSS-26 statistical software, employing Chi-square, Fisher's Exact, Mann-Whitney, one-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests.
Results: The majority of patients were female (66%) and housewives (46%).  There was a significant difference in pain outcomes between the two groups: physiotherapy alone and physiotherapy combined with corticosteroids and casts. This difference was observed across various conditions (pain at rest, pain during activity, and amount of pain evoked during activity) (p <0.05). In simpler terms, corticosteroids and casts were more effective in reducing pain from tennis elbow compared to acupuncture and physiotherapy.  Additionally, corticosteroids and casts had a greater effect on hand movement (supination, pronation, extension, and flexion) compared to acupuncture and physiotherapy.
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that treatment of tennis elbow with a combination of corticosteroid injection and casting is more effective than acupuncture or physiotherapy alone. Corticosteroid injections themselves are also an effective way to relieve tennis elbow pain.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physiotherapy
Received: 2023/12/12 | Accepted: 2024/04/22 | Published: 2024/05/11

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